HOW DOES ABI IMPACT ON ME?
Impairments in functioning will vary depending on the type of brain injury and the part of the brain it impacts on, as different areas of the brain are responsible for different tasks. A brain injury can impact upon all aspects of activities of daily living (ADL) for example an individual could experience difficulties with:
This list is not exhaustive but demonstrates the wide range of activities which an ABI impacts on.
HOW CAN MANCHESTER OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY SERVICES HELP?
Here at Manchester Occupational Therapy Services we would aim to put together a comprehensive, client focused, holistic rehabilitation package. The Occupational Therapist will conduct an interview with the individual to gain an understanding of who they were pre brain injury. The Occupational Therapist will then work closely with the individual to assess how their physical, cognitive, emotional and behavioural impairments affect their performance (Kearney et al, 2007).
Treatment programmes may include:
Rehabilitating physical deficits
Recommend aids and adaptations
24/7 posture management
Improve ADL function
Train support workers/family
Implement memory aids
Improve weekly structure
Consider assistive technology
Following a brain injury, the brain is able to restructure its neurological pathways allowing for successful rehabilitation; this process is based on the phenomenon called neuroplasticity (Nudo, 2013).
Headway. (2016). Types of Brain Injury. Available from: https://www.headway.org.uk/about-brain-injury/individuals/types-of-brain-injury/ P., McGowan, T., Anderson, J., Strosahl, D. (2007). The Role of the Occupational Therapist on the Neuro-Rehabilitation Team. Acquired Brain Injury: An Integrative Neuro-Rehabilitation Approach. Online ISBN: 978-0-387-37575-5
Nudo, R. J. (2013). Recovery after brain injury: mechanisms and principles. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience. 7: 887.